REPUBLIC OF THE PHIlIPPINES

PROVINCE OF CAMARINES SUR

REGION V - BICOL

THE GOVERNOR


At the tender age of 24, Governor Miguel Luis “Migz” Reyes Villafuerte became the youngest governor-elect in the history of the Philippines. A public servant through and through, he was the Vice-President for Luzon of the League of Provinces of the Philippines. In 2016, he was also proclaimed the Council Chairman of the Boy Scouts of the Philippines Camarines Sur Council. He is also setting the benchmark of excellence in public service for his fellow youth by being the Founder and President of the Visionary Organization of Young Chief Executives or VOYCE and of the Youth Development Affairs Center of Camarines Sur or YDACCS. A staunch advocate for the environment, he is also the Climate Change Ambassador of the Philippines.

His many achievements won him both national and international recognition. He was honoured to be part of the People Asia 2014 Men Who Matter along with the likes of former US President Barrack Obama and other renowned businessmen and public officials. He was also awarded by the Department of Health as an Unsung Hero of Typhoon Yolanda. He was also given the Bronze USA Award by the Boy Scout of the Philippines National Council in less than a year of his outstanding service as CamSur Council’s Chairman.

LOCATION

Camarines Sur is located in the central part of the Bicol Peninsula, the southeastern part of Luzon Island. It is located between 140 10' and 130 15' North Latitude and between 1240 10' and 1220 40' East Longitude. It is bounded on the north by the province of Quezon and Camarines Norte, San Miguel Bay, and the Pacific Ocean. On its south is the province of Albay, its east the Lagonoy Gulf, and its west the Ragay Gulf.

TOPOGRAPHY

Camarines Sur is hilly and mountainous with a flat central area known as the Bikol plain. It is generally flat at the midsection, between mountain ranges, with other small coastal plains on the northeastern coast. These areas are circumscribed by rolling hills. The ravines are deep, while steep slopes are covered only by cogon. Mangroves and nipa swamps form along both coasts of the province.

The Caramoan peninsula is rough and mountainous with an elevation as high as 904 meters above sea level. The Ragay coast, meanwhile, is hilly and rolling. The province has two inactive volcanoes in its central and southern part, namely Mt. Isarog, with an elevation of 1, 976 meters, and Mt. Iriga, with an elevation of 1, 196 meters.

Two mountain ranges also envelope the province. The Tangkong Baka mountain range, which is the lower portion of the Sierra Madre mountain system, and the Calinigan Mountain Range (904 meters), which is located in the Partido area. Other mountains in the province are Mt. Sugutin (366 meters), Mt. Tiis (610 meters), Saddle Peak (1,028 meters), Triple Peak (638 meters), Mt. Putianay (640 meters), Mt. Elizario (508 meters), and Mt. Talitig (385 meters).


HYDROGRAPHY

The province's water resources, both ground and surface waters, are abundant and could very well meet the various demands of development. There are also numerous hydo-electric potential resources and large areas for irrigated area development and expansion.

Its inland waters consist of an intricate network or rivers, streams, and creeks that serve as natural drainage, particularly in the basin area. There are also three fresh-water lakes, namely, Lake Bato, Lake Buhi and Lake Baao, with a combined surface area of 5,482 has.

The Bicol River, the largest river in the region, is considered the main drainage channel for the major basin area of the Bicol Plains. With an approximate length of 95 kilometers, it begins at the outlet of Lake Bato and flows across the plain to San Miguel Bay. Its tributaries have formed the famous Bicol River Basin, which comprises 312,000 hectares of fertile agricultural lands, including 185,000 hectares of watershed area.

SOIL

Soil texture ranges from clayey to gravelly. The Bicol plain consists of loam, clay loam, and deposits with silt materials along the banks of the Bicol River. Generally, the surface is moderately dense and compact. The plains and valleys of Camarines Sur are covered by secondary soils, while its hills and mountains are covered by primary soils. The soils of the province are divided into 3 general groups, namely:

a.)

soils of plains and valleys from Pili, San Miguel Guigua or Balongay series;

b.)

soils of hills and mountains from Tigaon, Bacolod, Faraon and Luisana seriest; and

b.)

miscellaneous land types from hydrosol or undifferentiated mountains soil.

LAND USE

It is the largest among the six provinces of the Bicol Region, with a land area of 526, 682 hectares. This is 29.87% of the total area of the Bicol Region and 1.75% of the total area of the Philippines.

LAND AREA

The existing land use of the province may be classified into 5 main categories:

a.)

Agricultural areas- areas devoted to agriculture, such as irrigated and rain-fed areas, and lands devoted to crops and fruit trees;

b.)

Grassland/Shrubland- consists of grasses, shrubs, and pasture lands;

c.)

Forest land- includes primary and secondary forest lands and kaingin areas;

d.)

Wet land areas- consist of mangrove, marshland, and fishponds; and

e.)

Miscellaneous- areas occupied by residential/commercial/built-up uses, rivers/lakes, beaches, rocks, volcanic ash, and other uses.

The existing land use of Camarines Sur is still predominantly agricultural. The next biggest land use in terms of land area is grassland/shrubland.

LAND USE CATEGORY

AREA COVERED

Classified Alienable & Disposable

365,624

Agricultural

295,111

Residential

19,181

Commercial

2,150

Industrial

4,200

Grazing Land

22,524

Mineral Reservation

2,000

Other Land Uses

20,458

Unclassified Forestland

4,354

Unclassified Forestland

156,704

Timberland (upland)

127,325

Forest Reserve

15,027

National Park

13,145

Civil Reserve

73

Fishpond

1,134

TOTAL

526,682

TOWNS / CITIES AREA (Ha.)

BAAO

10,663

BALATAN

9,309

BATO

10,712

BOMBON

2,873

BUHI

24,665

BULA

16,764

CABUSAO

4,680

CALABANGA

16,380

CAMALIGAN

468

CANAMAN

4,327

CARAMOAN

27,600

DEL GALLEGO

20,831

GAINZA

1,475

GARCHITORENA

24,380

GOA

20,618

IRIGA CITY

13,735

LAGONOY

37,790

LIBMANAN

34,282

LUPI

19,912

MAGARAO

4,497

MILAOR

3,364

MINALABAC

12,610

NABUA

9,620

NAGA CITY

8,448

OCAMPO

11,833

PAMPLONA

8,060

PASACAO

14,954

PILI

12,625

PRESENTACION

14,380

RAGAY

40,022

SANGAY

14,476

SAN FERNANDO

7,176

SAN JOSE

4,307

SIPOCOT

24,343

SIRUMA

14,127

TIGAON

7,235

TINAMBAC

35,162

TOTAL

548,703

GOVSEAL

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